Residential Lawn & Garden

Gardening Almanac


What to Plant in October


Annuals: Ageratum, Alyssum, Baby’s Breath, Celosia, Cleome, Gazania, Globe Amaranth, Impatiens, Marigold, Nicotiana, Ornamental Pepper, Periwinkle/Vinca, Phlox (annual), Salvias (annual), Sunflower, Wax Begonia, Zinnia.


Beets, Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, Cabbage, Carrots, Cauliflower, Celery, Chinese Cabbage, Collards, Kale, Kohlrabi, Lettuce, Mustard, Onions, Peas, Radish, Spinach, Strawberries, Turnips.

Herbs and Spices

Anise, Basil, Bay Laurel, Borage, Caraway, Cardamon, Chervil, Chives, Cilantro/Coriander, Dill, Fennel, Garlic, Ginger, Horehound, Lemon Balm, Lovage, Marjoram, Mexican Tarragon, Mint, Oregano, Rosemary, Sage, Savory, Thyme, Watercress.


African Lily, Amaryllis, Anemone, Aztec Lily, Blackberry Lily, Calla, Cestrum, Crinum, Crocosmia, Elephant Ears, Gladiolus, Kaffir Lily, Lapeirousia, Louisiana Iris, Moraea, Narcissus, Pineapple Lily, Shell Ginger, Spider Lily, Watsonia,Walking Iris.

What to Do in October

For more details on the following, call your local Extension office or visit the University of Florida’s publication website: 

Plant and fertilize annuals. (See January)

Fertilize citrus. (See January)

Fertilize lawns and trees. (See February)

Fertilize palms. (See February)

Fertilize shrubs. (See February)

Spray roses to prevent black spot and powdery mildew disease. (See March)

Watch for lacebug infestations. (See March)

Check lawns for insect pests especially sod webworms. (See April)

Side dress vegetable plants with fertilizer. (See April)

Divide herbaceous perennials and bulbs. (See September)

Set strawberry plants. Plant strawberries in a prepared bed (see September). Bare-root plants should be set in moist, but well-drained soil. Don't cover the crown or leave roots exposed. Water daily until established. Varieties for Florida are Sweet Charlie, Oso Grande, Camarosa, Rosa Linda, and Selva.

Plant hardy fall/winter vegetables. Fall vegetable gardening is in full swing. Seeds or transplants of the vegetables listed above should be planted now. Select varieties recommended for Florida conditions.

Prepare Christmas cactus for holiday bloom. Six to nine weeks of cool night temperatures and 12 to15 hours of uninterrupted darkness are needed to set buds. Set plants outdoors away from exterior light and protect from freezes.

Plant winter ryegrass. Fine-textured winter ryegrass will provide a beautiful, bright-green winter lawn, but it also requires watering, mowing and fertilizing. Broadcast 10 to 20 pounds of seed per 1,000 square feet.

Refrigerate certain bulbs. Tulips, daffodils, and hyacinths are now available for sale. These do not do well if planted at this time of year. Instead, they should be placed in a refrigerator (not freezer) and held until December or January when they can then be planted. These bulbs should be regarded as an annual crop. They seldom perform well after the first year.

Watch for twig girdlers. These insects lay eggs from the branches and then prune them from the tree. The infested branches rest on the ground through the winter and the young twig girdlers hatch in spring. Control next year's crop by picking up and destroying fallen branches.


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