Residential Lawn & Garden

Gardening Almanac


What to Plant in November


Annuals: Ageratum, Alyssum, Baby’s Breath, Blue Sage. Calendula, California Poppy, Celosia, Cleome, Delphinium, Dianthus, Dusty Miller, Gazania, Geranium, Hollyhock, Impatiens, Lobelia, Nasturtium, Ornamental Cabbage/Kale, Pansy, Petunia, Phlox (annual), salvia (annual), Snapdragon, Stock, Sweet Pea, Verbena, Viola, Wax Begonia.


Beets, Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, Cabbage, Carrots, Cauliflower, Celery, Chinese Cabbage, Collards, Kale, Kohlrabi, Lettuce, Mustard, Onions (bulbing and bunching), Peas, Radish, Spinach, Strawberry, Turnips.

Herbs and Spices

Anise, Basil, Bay Laurel, Borage, Caraway, Cardamon, Chervil, Chives, Cilantro/Coriander, Dill, Fennel, Garlic, Ginger, Horehound, Lemon Balm, Lovage, Marjoram, Mexican Tarragon, Mint, Nasturtium, Oregano, Rosemary, Sage, Savory, Thyme, Watercress.


African Lily, Amaryllis, Aztec Lily, Calla, Crinum, Elephant Ears, Gladiolus, Lapeirousia, Louisiana Iris, Moraea, Narcissus, Pineapple Lily, Shell Ginger, Society Garlic, Spider Lily, Walking Iris.

What to Do in November

For more details on the following, call your local Extension office or visit the University of Florida’s publication website: 

Plant and fertilize annuals. (See January)

Fertilize citrus trees if not done in October. (See January)

Side dress vegetable plants with fertilizer. (See April)

Set strawberry plants. November is the last month to plant strawberries. (See October)

Plant winter ryegrass seed. (See October)

Reduce irrigation frequency as weather cools. Lawn and landscape irrigation should be reduced during winter months. Adjust time clocks to conform to time changes or turn off sprinkler systems completely and water only when plants or the lawn need it.

Plant containerized roses. Plant roses now for a beautiful spring display. Prepare a good rose bed, buy roses grafted on Fortuniana (preferably) or Dr. Huey rootstocks, and plant them at the same depth they were growing in the containers. Antique or old garden roses do not need to be grafted.

Plant cold-hardy landscape plants. Fall is for planting. Cold-hardy trees and shrubs establish well during cooler months.

Check poinsettias for poinsettia hornworms. Young worms can be controlled with an insecticide. Handpick mature worms.

Root-prune plants scheduled for transplanting. The best time to transplant trees and shrubs is December through February. Root-prune them now to help them survive the move. Cut a 12-15 inch circle around the plant, slicing the roots with a shovel to a depth of 12 inches. When transplanting (four to six weeks later) dig four inches beyond the root-pruned area.

Monitor the vegetable garden. Continue planting fall vegetables. Apply two to four pounds of 8-8-8 , or 1 or 2 pounds of 15-15-15, or similar fertilizer per 100 square feet every 2-3 weeks. Watch for caterpillar feeding and spray with Bacillus Thuringiensis if detected. Aphids and other soft-bodied insects can be controlled with insecticidal soap. Remove young weed seedlings. Apply mulch.

Bring houseplants in for the winter. Houseplants set outside for the summer should be cleaned up and set in protected areas before the temperature dips below 55°F.

Divide and reset perennials. Continue to dig and replant herbaceous perennials and bulbs such as daylilies, gerberas, and caladiums.

Use horticultural oil to control scale insects. Horticultural oil sprays are an effective and environmentally safe way to control scale insects. The oil coats the scale and suffocates it.


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